NZ'S FIRST WORLD WAR CENTENARY 2014–2019

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Publicity images

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2017: The Grind of the War

2016: Transition - a National War Effort

2015: The Anzac Connection

2014: Duty and Adventure


The Battle of Messines

The ruins of Messines, Belgium, with shells bursting in the distance. Photograph taken around 8 June 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012776-G.

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Soldiers at a communion service near the firing line, Messines Ridge, Belgium. Photograph taken in 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012780-G.

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At Messines talking to Belgians, by Herbert Green.

Image courtesy of Te Papa (O.032021)

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The ruins of Messines, Belgium, with shells bursting in the distance. Photograph taken in 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012778-G.

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An advanced dressing station in former German Second Lines during the Battle of Messines. Photograph taken in 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012773-G.

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New Zealanders carrying a wounded soldier near Messines. Photograph taken on 8 June 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012771-G.

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The Grind of the War

In 1917 the full reality of the Western Front is driven home as the staggering human cost rises. After the nightmare at the Somme, the New Zealand Division’s efforts moved to Belgium, where the horror of the Western Front was to continue. In 1917 New Zealand saw its third year of involvement in the First World War and with it, its darkest day at Passchendaele. Meanwhile, steady progress was being made by the New Zealand Mounted Rifles units in Palestine, and tension at home was heightened by a shortage of labour, conscription woes, the rising cost of living and industrial unrest.

William Marsters, a Maori soldier of the 1st Canterbury Regiment, buying cakes from a local woman in Belgium while halting in training exercise. Other soldiers and another female vendor nearby. Photograph taken 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012755-G.

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New Zealand troops training for an attack on Messines, Belgium, during World War I. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders in 1917.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012753-G.

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New Zealand Engineers resting in a large shell hole at Spree Farm, Ypres Salient, on the day of the Battle of Passchendaele, 12 October 1917. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012935-G.

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Soldiers walk among the ruins of bombed buildings in Ypres, Belgium, 1917. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012950-G.

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Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012893-G.

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George Edmund Butler, The Battle of Polygon Wood, c.1916-1918.

Image courtesy of the National Collection of War Art, Archives New Zealand. Reference: AAAC 898 NCWA 474.

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H M McFarlane, Panoramic sketch of Waddi-el-Guzze, 1917

Image courtesy of the National Collection of War Art, Archives New Zealand. Reference: AAAC 898 NCWA Q462.

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New Zealand on the Somme

New Zealand soldiers in Switch Trench shortly after its capture in the Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Somme offensive.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 2007.549

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A Mark I tank at the Somme, where the new weapons were deployed for the first time.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1992.760

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A map showing the main objectives for the New Zealand Division for 15 September 1916.

Image courtesy of Archives New Zealand (Archives Ref: ACID 24945, WA250/41b, R24008013)

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Battle of Jutland centenary

The pounamu (greenstone) hei tiki (pendant) which was likely worn by the captain of HMS New Zealand during the Battle of Jutland.

Hei tiki image courtesy of Canterbury Museum: E132.16.

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The piu piu which was likely worn by the captain of HMS New Zealand during the Battle of Jutland.

Image courtesy of the National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy.

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The bulldog Pelorus Jack, gifted by a New Zealander living in London, became HMS New Zealand’s mascot.

Image from circa 1913, courtesy of Te Papa (PS.000507).

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Gerald Maurice Burn's 1915 painting 'HMS "New Zealand"' was based on a sketch he completed during the ship's goodwill visit to New Zealand in 1913.

Image courtesy of the National Collection of War Art, Archives New Zealand. Reference: AAAC 898 NCWA 539.

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The first Anzac Day: 25 April 1916

View of a crowd watching a military parade led by a brass band in Trafalgar Street, Nelson, on Anzac Day, 25 April 1916.

Nelson Provincial Museum, F N Jones Collection: 311334

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A crowd on the Church Steps, Nelson, including a large group of men in military uniform in the foreground, on Anzac Day, 25 April 1916. 

Nelson Provincial Museum, F N Jones Collection: 311332

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First Anniversary of Anzac Day, Dunedin Municipal Chambers, 25 April 1916.

Dunedin City Council Archives photo 210. Photographer: EA Phillips.

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The first Anzac Day ceremony in Napier on Marine Parade, 25 April 1916.

Collection of Hawke's Bay Museums Trust, Ruawharo Tā-ū-rangi, 1654, gifted by F J Griffin

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First Anzac Day service in Feilding, 25 April 1916.

Image courtesy of the Feilding Public Library

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New Zealand on the Western Front

New Zealand troops marching though a residential area in France between Gommecourt and Sailly au Bois. Photograph taken circa 8 September 1918 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013587-G.

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New Zealand troops and the tank "Jumping Jennie" in a trench at Gommecourt Wood, France, during World War 1. Photograph taken on the 10th of August, 1918, by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013484-G.

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New Zealand Engineers resting in a large shell hole at Spree Farm, Ypres Salient, 12 October 1917. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders. 

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012935-G.

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Five New Zealand officers (identified as being from Wellington Battalion) shown talking in a dry front line trench in Gommecourt Wood, France. Photograph taken 10 August 1918 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013454-G.

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Group portrait of part of a New Zealand battalion that fought successfully at the Battle of Messines, Belgium. Some of the troops are wearing souvenired German helmets and caps. Photograph taken probably France in June 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/4-009516-G.

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Members of the Maori Pioneer Battalion taking a break from trench improvement work near Gommecourt, France. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders on the 25 July 1918.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013414-G.

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A soldier standing outside his funk hole shaves in the early morning near Colincamps where New Zealand support lines were established. Photograph taken 21 April 1918 Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013152-G.

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New Zealand soldiers using a Lewis machine gun in the Messines Sector, Belgium, May 1917. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/4-009461-G.

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Wounded soldiers being attended to by Ambulance Corps at an advanced dressing station in the German Second Lines during the Battle of Messines, Begium, 1917. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012773-G.

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New Zealand stretcher bearers shoulder a stretcher carrying a wounded soldier from the front line in Le Quesnoy, France. Photograph taken 29 October 1918 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013701-G.

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New Zealand nurses and medical officers of the New Zealand Stationary Hospital gathered beneath an archway carved by a Maori patient. Through the archway rows of huts are visible. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders on 16 August, 1918.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013478-G.

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Soldiers of the Maori Pioneer Battalion at the funeral of Lieutenant-Colonel George A King at Ypres, Belgium. Photograph taken 17 October 1917 by Henry Armytage Sanders.

Image courtesy of Alexander Turnbull Library. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association: New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-012982-G.

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Chunuk Bair centenary commemorations

The national commemorative service to mark the centenary of the Battle for Chunuk Bair at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park, 8 August 2015. © Mark Tantrum.

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The Honourable Chris Finlayson QC, Attorney-General, and the Honourable Maggie Barry ONZM, Minister for Arts, Culture & Heritage pay their respects at the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior during the national commemorative service to mark the centenary of the Battle for Chunuk Bair at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park, 8 August 2015. © Mark Tantrum.

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The Guidon of Queen Alexandra’s Mounted Rifles was marched on during the national commemorative service to mark the centenary of the Battle for Chunuk Bair at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park, 8 August 2015. © Mark Tantrum.

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A scene from the national commemorative service to mark the centenary of the Battle for Chunuk Bair at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park, 8 August 2015. © Mark Tantrum.

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A scene from the national commemorative service to mark the centenary of the Battle for Chunuk Bair at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park, 8 August 2015. © Mark Tantrum.

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The colour party of the 5/7 Battalion, Royal New Zealand Iinfantry Regiment, mounts the 5th Battalion battle flag at the commemorative service held at Gallipoli to mark the 100th Anniversary of the Battle of Chunuk Bair, 8 August 2015.

Image courtesy of New Zealand Defence Force


New Zealand's Governor-General, Sir Jerry Mataparae, delivers the commemorative address at the commemorative service held at Gallipoli to mark the 100th Anniversary of the Battle of Chunuk Bair, 8 August 2015.

Image courtesy of New Zealand Defence Force


New Zealand's Governor- General, Sir Jerry Mataparae and Lady Janine Mataparae lay a wreath at the commemorative service held at Gallipoli to mark the 100th Anniversary of the Battle of Chunuk Bair, 8 August 2015.

Image courtesy of New Zealand Defence Force


Chunuk Bair centenary

Members of the Maori Contingent gathering on the beach at Gallipoli. The Contingent arrived at Gallipoli on 3 July 1915, and was attached to the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade during the August Offensive.

Image courtesy of Auckland War Memorial Museum – Tamaki Paenga Hira. Williams Album (1915), PH-ALB-212-15-2.

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Big Table Top, captured by men of the Maori Contingent in a night attack early on 7 August 1915. 

Image courtesy of Auckland War Memorial Museum – Tamaki Paenga Hira. ​Williams Album (1915), PH-ALB-212-p6-2.

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The foothills which New Zealand forces captured in a night attack on 6-7 August 1915. Chunuk Bair is visible on the skyline in the distance.

Image courtesy of Auckland War Memorial Museum – Tamaki Paenga Hira. ​Williams Album (1915), PH-ALB-212-p12-1.

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A view of Chunuk Bair (centre height) from the spur of Rhododendron Ridge, Gallipoli, December 1918 - February 1919. Trooper Mowat is taking the photo from the Apex and the remains of trenches can still be seen from three years previously. The feature to the left of Chunuk Bair is Hill Q.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1992.745.4

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Machine Gun Officer of the Wellington Battalion, Lieutenant Allan Preston, ascends the hill from the Apex at dawn on 8 August 1915.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, W. A. Hampton Collection.

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The rear companies of the Gloucesters advancing from the Apex under fire towards Chunuk Bair, 8 August 1915.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, W. A. Hampton Collection.

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The ADS (Advanced Dressing Station) of No 1 Field Ambulance in the gully of Chailek Dere between Table Top and Rhododendron Ridge, Gallipoli, 1915. This position was established during the August Offensive (6 - 12 August). Wounded are lying on stretchers ready to be taken off Gallipoli to ships waiting out at sea.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1992.760

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The kits of dead men after the August offensive, Gallipoli, 1915. In the background is Walker's Ridge leading up to Russell Top.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1991.588

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ANZAC soldiers sitting beside graves at No. 2 Outpost after the August Offensive, 1915. 

Image courtesy of Auckland War Memorial Museum – Tamaki Paenga Hira. PH-RES-1471.

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The early days after the August Offensive, elements of 2nd Field Company, NZE, set up their bivvies at the foot of Hill 971 (Chunuk Bair) in Chailak Dere, Gallipoli.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1992.757

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New Zealand soldiers resting in the trenches on Rhodedendron Spur, Gallipoli, a few weeks after it was taken.

Image courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, catalogue number: Q 112877.

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Four New Zealand officers at the Apex near Chunuk Bair, Gallipoli, in late 1915. The Apex, captured on the morning of 7 August, was the position from which New Zealand soldiers set out to capture Chunuk Bair. It is thought the hatless officer holding a cigarette in the foreground of this photograph is Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Hart, officer commanding the Wellington Regiment.

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 08-165/1

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Map showing the Allies' movements during the Sari Bair Offensive in August 1915, which aimed to break through the Ottoman lines at Anzac and seize the heights of the Sari Bair Range. Visit NZHistory for a full interpretation of the map.

Map produced by Geographx with research assistance from Damien Fenton and Caroline Lord. It originally appeared in Damien Fenton, New Zealand and the First World War (Penguin, Auckland, 2013).

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This 1919 photo from time of the post-war occupation of Gallipoli shows human remains laid out for burial on the set of the future cemetery where the New Zealand Memorial at Chunuk Bair now stands. Away in the distance, the Narrows can be seen.

Image courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, catalogue number: Q 14439.

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Anzac Day Dawn Service at Gallipoli

Crown Copyright © NZDF

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Anzac Day service at Chunuk Bair

Crown Copyright © NZDF

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Anzac Day Dawn Service at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park

Image courtesy of Colin McLellan.

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Image courtesy of Colin McLellan.

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A member of the catafalque party stands guard over the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior following the Anzac Day Dawn Service as members of the public pay tribute.

Image courtesy of Paul Fisher.

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Anzac Day National Commemorative Service at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park

Flags of New Zealand and Australia are displayed by members of each country's armed forces during the Royal Salute.

Image courtesy of the Ministry for Culture and Heritage.

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The Governor-General of New Zealand, Lieutenant General The Right Honourable Sir Jerry Mateparae, inspects the members of the Australian armed forces who made up the Royal Guard of Honour at the National Commemorative Service at Pukaehu National War Memorial Park.

Image courtesy of Paul Fisher.

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The National Commemorative Service as viewed from the carillon tower.

Image courtesy of Paul Fisher.

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Anzac Day service at Ataturk Memorial, Wellington

Crown Copyright © NZDF

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Beating Retreat Anzac Day ceremony

The Anzac Day Beat Retreat ceremony was concluded with the first daily Last Post ceremony, which will be conducted every evening until November 2018 by the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior.

Image courtesy of Paul Fisher.

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Dedication of the Australian Memorial at Pukeahu National War Memorial Park

More images of this ceremony can be found on the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's Flickr album

A member of the New Zealand Defence Force watches over Anzac Square and the Australian Memorial before the dedication ceremony. 

Image courtesy of Colin McLellan.

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Some of the distinguished guests who attended the ceremony. From left to right: Prime Minister of Australia, the Hon Tony Abbott; Prime Minister of New Zealand, the Rt Hon John Key; Australian Minister for Veterans' Affairs and Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for the Centenary of Anzac, Senator the Hon Michael Ronaldson; and Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage, the Hon Maggie Barry, ONZM.

Image courtesy of Colin McLellan.

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Aerial view of the Australian War Memorial, taken on 22 April 2015.

Image courtesy of the Memorial Park Alliance.

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Opening of Pukeahu National War Memorial Park

More images of this ceremony can be found on the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's Flickr album

At the opening of Pukeahu, a dramatic spectacle was performed during which the personification of the Spirit of the Park was led through the crowd by a Māori warrior.

Image courtesy of Colin McLellan.

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A woman in red, personifying the Spirit of the Park, stands on the balcony of the carillon tower during the opening of Pukeahu National War Memorial Park.

Image courtesy of Colin McLellan.

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The view from Anzac Square during the opening ceremony.

Image courtesy of Douglas Styles.

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Gallipoli

A group of unidentified Australian and New Zealand soldiers in a front line trench on the Gallipoli Peninsula. Standing in the narrow confines of a trench passage, with sandbags at the parapet above them, several of the men are smoking pipes and cigarettes.

Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. ID number C03420.

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New Zealand troops disembarking at Gallipoli, 25 April 1915.

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 2001-215.

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A photographic postcard showing soldiers posing at Anzac Cove with landing craft on the right. Sent by Sapper Ebenezer Johnson to his mother J Johnson, 1915.

Image courtesy of the Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, Record number: 657-8.

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A view of troops landing from ships' boats onto the beach at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915. The men are thought to be New Zealand soldiers.

The photographer, Lyell Tatton, climbed above the beach to take the photo. He was in the Wellington Battalion, which arrived at the beach in the late afternoon.

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-50/2

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Landing troops at Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli (Anzac Cove) 25 April 1915.

Courtesy of Archives New Zealand (Archives Ref: PC4 1587/1915)

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A scene from the southern end of Anzac Cove, probably taken some days after the landing at Gallipoli. The image shows men on Anzac Cove beach, with several boats by primitive jetties. The large boat in middle distance is probably a horse lighter. There are three Red Cross flags, probably marking first aid posts. Some dugouts with canvas covers are on the hill above the beach. The hill at left is Ari Burnu.

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-50/3

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A 1915 view of the New Zealand sector at Gallipoli from not quite the top of Plugge's Plateau showing from left to right: Ocean Beach, on the horizon the ridge containing No 2 Outpost (just out of shot to the left) and No 3 Outpost (Old) (the bump on the horizon), the ridge in front of it No 1 Outpost going towards the Turkish held Nek and Baby 700, the flat Russell Top and Sphinx taken by the Mounteds in early May and below the Sphinx Walker's Ridge with Reserve Gully separating it from Plugge's Plateau. 

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 2006.88

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Photographic postcard showing two soldiers with an unexploded Turkish shell at Anzac. Postcard sent by Sapper Ebenezer Johnson to his sister E Johnson, 28 October 1915.

Image courtesy of the Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, Record number: 657-4.

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Two unidentified soldiers pose beside a tiki carved into the rock along the main sap to Fisherman's hut, Gallipoli, 1915. The sign reads : NZ Maori pah and a carved hand pointing to the left indicating the Māori meeting place is to the left. 

Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. ID number: P05859.006.

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A view from North Beach looking up at the Sphinx, a spur off Walkers Ridge. At right of the Sphinx is Rest Gully and at left is Mule Gully. Many dugouts, some with canvas covers, are visible on the slopes. The skyline is Walkers Ridge/Russell Top.

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-48/8

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A hillside at Gallipoli with dozens of dugouts, many of which are covered with canvas, The hillside has been terraced to create level ground. The location may be the side of Ari Burnu or in a gully near the Sphinx landmark.

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-50/4

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A view up Monash Gulley to Quinn's Post (centre-left) and Courtney Post (right) at a later stage of development, Gallipoli, 1915. Peaking above the top of Courtney's Post in the Turkish held Scrubby Knoll across Legge Valley. 

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1992.742

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Wounded being brought alongside an unidentified hospital ship off Gallipoli in barges and a lighter. There look to be a number of walking sick and wounded as well as stretcher cases. 

Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1992.760

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A Māori soldier wrapped up warmly in a snow-covered trench at the Apex, Gallipoli, 30 November 1915. The onset of wintry conditions contributed to the decision to evacuate Allied forces from the Anzac sector at Gallipoli, which was completed on 20 December 1915.

Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. ID number: G01268

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A soldier standing by a cemetery near a hill, at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli. The large cross at right has at least five names on it. The photo is presumably taken just before the evacuation of Anzac Cove, which finished on 20 December 1915.

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 11-72/4-2-19

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Horace Moore-Jones, The Sphinx, 1915. 

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View more official Gallipoli war art at Archives New Zealand's War Art project.

Courtesy of Archives New Zealand (Archives Ref: AAAC 898 NCWA 553)


Departure of the Main Body of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force

Australian Minister for Veterans Affairs, Senator Michael Ronaldson, Minister for Arts Culture and Heritage, Hon Maggie Barry, Minister for Veterans’ Affairs Hon Craig Foss, His Excellency Mr Michael Potts High Commissioner from Australia arrive at the Promenade, Wellington Waterfront for an event marking the departure of New Zealand troops to the First World War. © Mark Tantrum.

Minister for Veterans’ Affairs Hon Craig Foss and Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage Hon Maggie Barry unveil the first Ngā Tapuwae New Zealand First World War Trails interpretative sign. © Mark Tantrum.

The Ngā Tapuwae New Zealand First World War Trails project will tell the story of New Zealanders in the First World War, using immersive app and web tools as well as interpretative signs. © Mark Tantrum.

A mother says goodbye to her son, a sergeant in the NZEF Main Body.

Required credit: Unknown photographer. (1914) A Mother says goodbye to her son. Auckland War Memorial Museum – Tamaki Paenga Hira. PH-2003-1. Thomson, George William.

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A colourised version of this photograph is available on our Facebook page.


The Masterton Municipal Band leads the region's first group of volunteers for the NZEF to the Masterton railway station. Friends and family members are also walk towards the station to farewell the troops. 

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-48/3

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Wairarapa locals farewell the Masterton Ambulance Corps from the Masterton railway station, August 1914.

Required credit: Wairarapa Archive, 97-143/109.R5B6S4

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Otago Infantry Battalion march through Dunedin’s Octagon in September 1914.

Required credit: Otago Witness September 20th 1914. Courtesy of Allied Press.

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Members of the Canterbury Mounted Rifles join those from the Canterbury Infantry Regiment on board H.M.N.Z. Transport No.4, Tahiti, and H.M.N.Z. Transport No.11, Athenic, at Lyttelton on 23 September 1914.

Required credit: Archives New Zealand, AEGA 18982, PC4/1569

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A typical embarkation scene on the Wellington waterfront from shortly before the departure of the Main Body of the NZEF on 16 October 1914. This photo of HMNZ Transport No.4 Tahiti was probably taken on 14 October as the troops all embarked onto the troopships on that day and sat in the harbour until the departure on the morning of 16 October.

Required credit: Archives New Zealand, AAME 8106, 11/17/3, R20939655

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The fleet of troopships which transported the Main Body of the NZEF and their escort in Wellington Harbour, 15 October 1914.

Required credit: Matt Pomeroy collection

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Centenary of New Zealand's occupation of German Samoa

The High Commissioner for Samoa, His Excellency Leasi Papali'i Tommy Scanlan, recites an historic reading during the ceremony. Crown Copyright © NZDF

Ben Gatting and Leorida Peters recite a poem during the ceremony. Crown Copyright © NZDF.

The De La Salle College sing during the ceremony. Crown Copyright © NZDF.

Guard of honour at the Cenotaph, Auckland Domain. Crown Copyright © NZDF.

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Telegram from Britain with instructions to capture Samoa and the wireless station.

Required credit: R3796176, Archives New Zealand.

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Soldiers parade in Wellington prior to embarking for Samoa, 14 August 1914.

(The Advanced Party of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force contained 258 Officers and men from the New Zealand Railway Corps, here they parade in Lambton Yard, Wellington - now Wellington Central Railway Station)

Required credit: AAVK W3493, C1601, Archives New Zealand.

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Hoisting the Union Jack, Courthouse, Apia, 30 August 2014.

Required credit: Tattersall, Alfred James 1866-1951. The union jack is raised in front of the courthouse in Apia. Courtesy of Archives New Zealand (Archives Ref: ACHK 16604, G49/10, R19162313).

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German Wireless Station at Samoa. 

The capture of German company Telefunken’s radio transmitter in the hills behind Apia was strategically important as it was capable of sending signals to Berlin and to the German fleet in the Pacific. When New Zealand troops reached the wireless station it was found that some essential parts of the engines which drive the dynamo had been removed and some of the aerials tampered with. Preparations had also been made for the destruction of the wireless station by dynamite. The aerials were quickly repaired and communication restored by 30 August.

Required credit: German Wireless Station at Samoa. Ref: ACHK 16604, G49/10, R19162313, Archives New Zealand

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2017: The Grind of War

2018: The Darkness Before the Dawn

2019: Finding Our Way Back